GreenMedInfo

Content Was Refreshed: 18 Oct 2018 | 04:29:26

GreenMedInfo

PMID:  J Neurol Sci. 1989 Nov ;93(2-3):221-30. PMID: 2480399Abstract Title:  Semple rabies vaccine: presence of myelin basic protein and proteolipid protein and its activity in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis.Abstract:  Myelin basic protein (MBP) as a cause of postvaccinal encephalomyelitis (PVE) due to Semple rabies vaccine (SRV) has been suggested in previous reports. No actual measurement of MBP in SRV was done. In this study we detected MBP and PLP in the vaccine using immunological methods. The vaccine was found to contain 28 micrograms MBP per ml vaccine. Inoculation with SRV plus adjuvant resulted in the development of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in 2 of 3 guinea pigs. For control, chick embryo vaccine (CEV) was used and MBP was not detected. EAE was not induced in animals inoculated with it. These results suggest that MBP in vaccines may play a decisive role in the production of PVE.

read more

Posted: October 18, 2018, 2:58 am
PMID:  Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2016 07 2 ;12(7):1802-4. Epub 2016 Feb 22. PMID: 26900624Abstract Title:  Rabies post-exposure prophylaxis for a child with severe allergic reaction to rabies vaccine.Abstract:  Most adverse events (AEs) during the immunization of rabies vaccine were slight, there was little information about the allergic reaction induced by rabies vaccines and had to stop or change the immunization program. Here, we reported a case that a 4-year-old boy had category II exposure to rabies and showed severe allergic reaction after being immunized with lyophilized purified vero cell rabies vaccine (PVRV). After the anti-allergy therapy with hormone, allergy testing indicated medium allergy to egg and milk, and implied the allergic reaction most likely associated with animal-sourced gelatin in lyophilized PVRV. Therefore, a new immunization program with liquid PVRV without stabilizers under the Zegrab regimen (2-1-1) was enrolled at day 7 post-exposure. Although lower than the levels of normal

read more

Posted: October 18, 2018, 2:50 am
PMID:  Vaccine. 2017 02 15 ;35(7):1008-1017. Epub 2017 Jan 18. PMID: 28109707Abstract Title:  Potential risk of repeated nasal vaccination that induces allergic reaction with mucosal IgE and airway eosinophilic infiltration in cynomolgus macaques infected with H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus.Abstract:  The efficacy and detrimental effect of mucosal vaccination with an inactivated influenza vaccine were examined in a macaque model by intranasal administration with small amounts of inactivated whole virus particles and challenge by a human-derived H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus infection. Repeated nasal inoculation with the whole particle vaccine of an inactivated virus, A/duck/Hokkaido/Vac-3/2007 (H5N1) (Vac-3), induced antigen-specific IgA and IgG antibody production in nasal swabs and plasma. Vac-3-specific IgE production was also found in the nasal swabs. Nasal vaccination with Vac-3 induced broader cross-clade neutralization activity than did subcutaneous vaccination. After challenge infection, repeated nasal vaccination almost completely prevented the propagation of virus in the upper and lower airways and protected cynomolgus macaques from viral pneumonia by induction of IgA-producing B cells in the lungs. On the other hand, eosinophil clusters were observed in the lungs of vaccinated macaques. Although Vac-3-specific IgE antibody and IL-13 levels were decreased after infection compared to those before infection and no anaphylaxis in vaccinated macaques was detected after challenge infection, our results suggest that we have to pay attention to potential allergic responses at repeated nasal vaccination, especially in people who have an airway allergy.

read more

Posted: October 18, 2018, 2:40 am
PMID:  Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1999 Jul ;119(3):205-11. PMID: 10436392Abstract Title:  Pertussis adjuvant prolongs intestinal hypersensitivity.Abstract:  BACKGROUND: Immediate hypersensitivity reactions are a hallmark of allergic disease, and result in the clinical features of food allergy, hayfever, and atopic asthma. The mechanism by which an individual becomes sensitized to an ingested or airborne allergen is not clear, however exposure to bacteria or bacterial products that act as adjuvants may be a contributing factor. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of pertussis toxin (PT) in inducing intestinal hypersensitivity reactions, particularly the ability of the adjuvant to prolong the sensitization.METHODS: Rats were sensitized to ovalbumin (OA) by injection of OA alone or with 50 ng PT. Secretory responses to OA challenge and nerve stimulation were assessed in jejunal tissues mounted in Ussing chambers.RESULTS: Jejunal segments from rats sensitized to OA alone responded to antigen challenge with ion secretion, but sensitization was transient in that specific IgE titers and responses to luminal antigen disappeared by 14 days. In contrast, co-administration of 50 ng PT with OA resulted in long-lasting sensitization. Secretory responses to both luminal and serosal OA challenge were present 8 months after primary immunization. Enhanced secretory responses to nerve stimulation, increased mucosal mast cell numbers, as well as elevated IgE titers were also induced and may have contributed to the overall responsiveness of the intestine to antigen challenge.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate nanogram quantities of PT, when administered with a food protein, result in long-term sensitization to the antigen, and altered intestinal neuroimmune function. These data suggest that exposure to bacterial pathogens may prolong the normally transient immune responsiveness to inert food antigens.

read more

Posted: October 18, 2018, 2:24 am
PMID:  Epidemiology. 1997 Nov ;8(6):678-80. PMID: 9345669Abstract Title:  Is infant immunization a risk factor for childhood asthma or allergy?Abstract:  The Christchurch Health and Development Study comprises 1,265 children born in 1977. The 23 children who received no diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) and polio immunizations had no recorded asthma episodes or consultations for asthma or other allergic illness before age 10 years; in the immunized children, 23.1% had asthma episodes, 22.5% asthma consultations, and 30.0% consultations for other allergic illness. Similar differences were observed at ages 5 and 16 years. These findings do not appear to be due to differential use of health services (although this possibility cannot be excluded) or con-founding by ethnicity, socioeconomic status, parental atopy, or parental smoking.

read more

Posted: October 18, 2018, 2:19 am
PMID:  Clin Immunol. 2001 Sep ;100(3):355-61. PMID: 11513549Abstract Title:  Infection of human B lymphocytes with MMR vaccine induces IgE class switching.Abstract:  Circulating immunoglobulin E (IgE) is one of the characteristics of human allergic diseases including allergic asthma. We recently showed that infection of human B cells with rhinovirus or measles virus could lead to the initial steps of IgE class switching. Since many viral vaccines are live viruses, we speculated that live virus vaccines may also induce IgE class switching in human B cells. To examine this possibility, we selected the commonly used live attenuated measles mumps rubella (MMR) vaccine. Here, we show that infection of a human IgM(+) B cell line with MMR resulted in the expression of germline epsilon transcript. In addition, infection of freshly prepared human PBLs with this vaccine resulted in the expression of mature IgE mRNA transcript. Our data suggest that a potential side effect of vaccination with live attenuated viruses may be an increase in the expression of IgE.

read more

Posted: October 18, 2018, 1:57 am
PMID:  Heliyon. 2018 Sep ;4(9):e00788. Epub 2018 Sep 15. PMID: 30225382Abstract Title:  Next-generation and further transgenerational effects of bisphenol A on zebrafish reproductive tissues.Abstract:  Next-generation effects and further transgenerational effects of an endocrine disruptor, bisphenol A (BPA), were investigated in zebrafish. The effects of BPA treatment through dietary administration in male and female zebrafish on reproductive factors, such as gonadal activity, fertility, hatching rate and malformation in subsequent generations, were examined through the third filial (F3) generation. BPA treatment of initial generation (F0) not only caused retraction of the ovaries and testes but also lowered the survival rate and increased the rate of malformation of the offspring. Although the overall phenotypes of the surviving first filial (F1) generation offspring of treated fish initially appeared to be normal, we found abnormalities in their reproductive tissues after they matured to adulthood. Although the juveniles were fed a normal diet, the ovaries of 40% of the F1 generation fish remained small and did not develop vitellogenic oocytes. Moreover, sterile male fish appeared at a higher percentage (48%) than control (10%). Adverse transgenerational effects on the fecundity of the second filial (F2) and F3 generation fish were also observed. In each generation, survival rate of embryos were significantly low and abnormal embryos were appeared in offspring from BPA treated ancestral. These results demonstrate that the effects of BPA are transferred to subsequent generations not only through oocytes but also through sperm.

read more

Posted: October 18, 2018, 1:41 am
PMID:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2004 Nov ;93(5 Suppl 3):S26-32. PMID: 15562871Abstract Title:  Gastrointestinal immunopathology and food allergy.Abstract:  OBJECTIVE: To review the current data that support the pivotal function of the gastrointestinal immune system in health and disease and its critical role in the pathogenesis of a wide variety of clinical disorders associated with food allergy (FA).DATA SOURCES: Internet-based literature search and our own data.STUDY SELECTION: The studies included in this review were selected based on the expert opinion of the authors.RESULTS: In contrast to the beneficial expressions of gastrointestinal-associated lymphoid tissue, which are seen with relevance to newer methods of delivery of vaccines directly applied to the gastrointestinal mucosal surfaces (eg, oral poliovirus, rotavirus, Salmonella typhi vaccines), the adverse consequences of a mucosal immune response gone astray are evidenced in many diseases such as FA. A classification of clinical disorders associated with FA based on classic mechanisms of immunologic injury is presented, which includes the following: (1) IgE-mediated, (2) non-IgE-mediated, and (3) mixed IgE- and non-IgE-mediated disorders. Our study of immunologic disturbance in patients with non-IgE FA revealed a pattern of increased CD4+ and decreased TH1 cell counts in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in contrast to patients with celiac disease, where a pattern of increased CD8+ and TH1 cell counts in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and increased CD8+ cell counts was seen.CONCLUSIONS: The gastrointestinal immune response thus plays a pivotal role in maintaining protective immunity in health and a critical role in the pathogenesis of a wide variety of clinical disorders associated with FA.

read more

Posted: October 18, 2018, 12:52 am
PMID:  J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1996 Dec ;98(6 Pt 1):1058-61. PMID: 8977505Abstract Title:  Food allergy to gelatin in children with systemic immediate-type reactions, including anaphylaxis, to vaccines.Abstract:  BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis to measles-mumps-rubella vaccines has been reported. We have suspected that most such reactions are caused by gelatin contained in the vaccines.OBJECTIVE: To confirm the relation between systemic allergic reactions to vaccines and the presence of anti-gelatin IgE, we measured anti-gelatin IgE in children who demonstrated allergy to gelatin-containing vaccines. Furthermore, to clarify the relation between allergic reactions to gelatin in vaccines and foods, we surveyed the occurrence of allergic reactions to gelatin-containing foods in the same children.METHODS: Serum samples were taken from 26 children who had systemic immediate-type reactions, including anaphylactic shock, to vaccines and the same number of children without allergic reactions. Specific IgE to gelatin in these samples was measured. We then surveyed whether these children had allergic reactions to gelatin-containing foods before and after vaccination.RESULTS: Twenty-four of the 26 children with allergic reactions to vaccines had anti-gelatin IgE ranging from 1.2 to 250 Ua/ml. Seven had allergic reactions on ingestion of gelatin-containing foods. Of these, two had reactions before vaccination, and five had reactions after vaccination. All the control children without allergic reactions to vaccines had no anti-gelatin IgE.CONCLUSION: We reconfirmed a strong relationship between systemic immediate-type allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, to vaccines and the presence of specific IgE to gelatin. Moreover, some of the children also had allergic reactions to food gelatin before or after vaccination.

read more

Posted: October 18, 2018, 12:47 am
PMID:  J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999 Feb ;103(2 Pt 1):321-5. PMID: 9949325Abstract Title:  A clinical analysis of gelatin allergy and determination of its causal relationship to the previous administration of gelatin-containing acellular pertussis vaccine combined with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids.Abstract:  BACKGROUND: The number of patients with allergic reactions after administration of gelatin-containing live vaccines is increasingly reported in Japan. These allergic reactions appear to be caused by gelatin allergy. It is still unknown how the patients were sensitized to gelatin.OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of gelatin allergy and to identify contributing factors to gelatin allergy, we investigated the following clinical aspects: the development of IgE antibodies to gelatin and the relationship of the patients' past history of acellular pertussis vaccine combined with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid (DTaP) to the development of gelatin allergy.METHODS: We evaluated 366 patient reports, submitted from 1994 to 1997, of adverse reactions after immunization with monovalent measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines containing 0.2% gelatin as stabilizer. On the basis of physician reports, the patients were categorized as to the nature of the adverse reaction. We determined the presence of IgE antibodies to gelatin and obtained past immunization history.RESULTS: The 366 reported patients were categorized as follows: 34 with anaphylaxis, 76 with urticaria, 215 with nonurticarial generalized eruption, and 41 with local reactions only. In 206 patients from whom serum was available, IgE antibodies to gelatin were detected in 25 of 27 (93%) with anaphylaxis, 27 of 48 (56%) with urticaria, and 8 of 90 (9%) with a generalized eruption. None of a group of 41 patients with only local reactions at the injected site and none of a control group of 29 subjects with no adverse reaction had such antibodies. Among 202 patients for whom prior vaccine information was available, all had received DTaP vaccines. Among those for whom the prior DTaP vaccine could be determined to contain gelatin or be free of gelatin, 155 of 158 (98%) subjects had received gelatin-containing DTaP vaccines. This rate is higher than would be expected on the basis of the market share of gelatin-containing (vs gelatin-free) DTaP vaccines (75%). Furthermore, before 1993, when a trivalent measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (with the same 0.2% gelatin content as the monovalent vaccines) was used and administered before DTaP vaccination, no reports of anaphylaxis to the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine were received.CONCLUSION: Most anaphylactic reactions and some urticarial reactions to gelatin-containing measles, mumps, and rubella monovalent vaccines are associated with IgE-mediated gelatin allergy. DTaP immunization histories suggest that the gelatin-containing DTaP vaccine may have a causal relationship to the development of this gelatin allergy.

read more

Posted: October 18, 2018, 12:17 am
PMID:  Acta Paediatr. 2011 Aug ;100(8):e94-6. Epub 2011 Feb 25. PMID: 21244488Abstract Title:  Anaphylactic reactions to measles-mumps-rubella vaccine in three children with allergies to hen's egg and cow's milk.Abstract:  AIM: Allergies to hen's egg and cow's milk are the most frequent food allergies in infancy and childhood. Current guidelines recommend safe administration of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in egg allergic patients.METHODS: We present three cases of anaphylaxis that we encountered after MMR vaccination in children sensitized to hen's egg and cow's milk.RESULTS: Even though MMR vaccine is generally known to be safe in children with egg allergy, there may still be isolated cases of anaphylaxis.CONCLUSION: Therefore, we recommend that all children not only those who were sensitized to foods should receive the MMR vaccination in a setting that is equipped to deal with anaphylactic reactions. As stated by WHO in immunization safety surveillance, 'Each vaccinator must have an emergency kit with adrenaline, and be familiar with its dosage and administration'.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 11:55 pm
PMID:  Med Hypotheses. 2002 Dec ;59(6):762-9. PMID: 12445523Abstract Title:  Idiopathic Parkinson's disease(s) may follow subclinical episodes of perivenous demyelination.Abstract:  Three case studies of postvaccinal parkinsonism (PVP) demonstrated signs and symptoms identical to conventional diagnostic standards of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). PVP is a sub-type of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADE) that also includes postinfectious parkinsonism (PIP) and postinfectious encephalomyelitis (PIE). All ADE has a unitary pathology consisting of monophasic perivenous inflammation followed by demyelination compared with PD in which Lewy bodies are present in only 75% of studies. We hypothesize that: (1) The seminal event in PD is latent viral invasion emanating from cranial and dorsal root ganglia. (2) Viruses intermittently invade and damage neuropigmented cells secondary to perivenous demyelination. This may explain the numerous clinical and pathological manifestations of PD. Evidence is presented that this pathoetiology probably accumulates subclinically over a long timespan prior to Levy body formation and presentation of clinical signs. This hypothesis has key features similar to one previously published that will be summarized concerning multiple sclerosis.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 11:09 pm
PMID:  J Assoc Physicians India. 2015 Jan ;63(1):56-8. PMID: 26591130Abstract Title:  A Case Report of Post Rabipur (Purified Chick Embryo Rabies Vaccine) Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis.Abstract:  Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease that typically occurs following a viral infection or vaccination. The incidence of ADEM following vaccination has become very low since introduction of non-neural rabies vaccine and only few cases had been reported due to pure chick embryo derived rabies vaccine (PCERV). Here we are reporting a rare case of delayed post vaccinal ADEM.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 10:51 pm
PMID:  Case Rep Neurol Med. 2016 ;2016:2401809. Epub 2016 Jul 12. PMID: 27478662Abstract Title:  Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis following Vaccination against Hepatitis B in a Child: A Case Report and Literature Review.Abstract:  Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, which has been associated with several vaccines such as rabies, diphtheria-tetanus-polio, smallpox, measles, mumps, rubella, Japanese B encephalitis, pertussis, influenza, and the Hog vaccine. Here, we presented a case of 12-year-old child who suffered from ADEM three weeks after hepatitis B vaccination. He was admitted to our hospital with symptoms of weakness of limbs, high fever, and alteration of consciousness. Some abnormalities were also found in CSF. Treatment with high-dose corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin had significant effect, with marked improvement of the clinical symptoms and the results of CSF. The findings of MRI also detected some abnormal lesions located in both brain and spinal cord. The clinical features, the findings of CSF and MRI, and therapeutic effect may contribute to such diagnosis of ADEM.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 10:30 pm
PMID:  Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 2014 ;54(2):135-9. PMID: 24583588Abstract Title:  [Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis following influenza vaccination: report of a case with callosal disconnection syndrome].Abstract:  We present a case of callosal disconnection syndrome as a rare manifestation of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). A dextral 48-year-old Japanese woman received trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in mid-November 2011. Twenty days later, she was found to be in a daze. Subsequently, she developed abnormal behavior and gait disturbance, and she was disoriented regarding time and place. Nystagmus and abnormal ocular movements were absent. Upper limb power was normal, whereas her lower limbs were mildly weak. Tendon reflexes were normally evoked without pathological reflexes. There was no sensory impairment. Serum CRP levels were slightly elevated; other routine laboratory tests, thyroid functions, and vitamin B1 levels were within the normal range. Cerebrospinal fluid examination revealed that it was acellular with a protein level of 54 mg/dl and high myelin basic protein level. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery MR images revealed a large hyperintense lesion in the corpus callosum, but the lower part of the splenium was spared. Flow voids were observed in the pericallosal arteries. She was diagnosed with post-vaccination ADEM and vigorously treated with an intravenous infusion of methylprednisolone (1 g/day for 6 days) and immunoglobulin (1.2 g/kg). Gait disturbance and disorientation rapidly improved; however, tactile anomia, ideomotor apraxia, ideational apraxia, and agraphia of the left hand were present one month after onset. She had no aphasia or alexia.Interestingly, the patient's left unilateral agraphia was more prominent in kana than kanji (an article in Japanese text) for polysyllabic words, whereas she could write kana characters to dictation. Changes in the sequential order of kana characters within a word were observed. These findings were similar to those observed in pure agraphia associated with lesions in the posterior part of the left middle frontal gyrus. Thus, an interhemispheric mechanism is probably involved in the selection and arrangement of kana characters to form words.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 10:15 pm
PMID:  Pathology. 2018 Jun ;50(4):450-454. Epub 2018 May 8. PMID: 29752126Abstract Title:  Simultaneous co-detection of wild-type and vaccine strain measles virus using the BD MAX system.Abstract:  Despite the reported elimination of measles virus in Australia, importation of cases from endemic countries continues to lead to secondary local transmission and outbreaks. Rapid laboratory confirmation of measles is paramount for individual patient management and outbreak responses. Further, it is important to rapidly distinguish infection from wild-type virus or vaccine strains to guide public health responses. We developed a high throughput, TaqMan-based multiplex reverse-transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay using the BD MAX platform (Becton Dickinson) that simultaneously detects measles virus and differentiates between wild-type and vaccine strains without the need for sequencing.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 9:38 pm
PMID:  Paediatr Child Health. 2012 Apr ;17(4):e32-3. PMID: 23543773Abstract Title:  Differentiating the wild from the attenuated during a measles outbreak.Abstract:  In the midst of a local measles outbreak, a recently immunized child was investigated for a new-onset measles-type rash. Nucleic acid testing identified that a vaccine-type measles virus was being shed in the urine. Clinically differentiating measles from a nonmeasles rash is challenging, but can be supported by a thorough medical history evaluation. Rashes are expected to occur after immunization; nucleic acid testing can be used when it is difficult to differentiate between wild and attenuated strains.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 8:56 pm
PMID:  Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2015 Jul-Aug;48(4):498-500. PMID: 26312942Abstract Title:  Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis following inactivated influenza vaccination in the Brazilian Amazon: a case report.Abstract:  Here, we describe a case of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) that occurred during a plausible risk interval following inactivated influenza vaccination in a previously healthy 27-year-old man from Manaus, Brazil. He was treated with intravenous methylprednisolone and immunoglobulin. One-month follow-up revealed resolution of the brain lesions, but not of the spinal cord lesions. No recurrence or progression of the main neurological symptoms was observed. After two years of monitoring, the patient continues to experience weak lower limbs and urinary retention. Thus, we recommend that ADEM should be considered in a patient presenting with neurological symptoms after influenza vaccination.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 7:16 pm


Originally published on www.sustainablepulse.com

A new testing program organized by The Detox Project in coordination with Kudzu Science, has released the first ever results for glyphosate levels in human hair, in an extraordinary announcement on Wednesday.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 6:26 pm
PMID:  Intern Med. 2006 ;45(20):1143-6. Epub 2006 Nov 15. PMID: 17106158Abstract Title:  Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis associated with oral polio vaccine.Abstract:  A 27-year-old woman presented with acute paresis after taking an oral polio vaccine (OPV). Deep tendon reflexes were preserved, needle electromyography showed no neurogenic changes, and there were no lesions on spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), suggesting that motor neurons of the spinal cord were not affected. Brain MRI showed abnormal lesions in the tegmentum of the upper pons, left cerebral peduncles, truncus of the corpus callosum, and right parietal lobe. Cerebrospinal fluid revealed mild pleocytosis. The most probable diagnosis was acute disseminated encephalomyelitis associated with OPV.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 6:12 pm
PMID:  Med Sante Trop. 2012 Jan-Mar;22(1):103-5. PMID: 22868743Abstract Title:  [Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis after tetanus vaccination of a pregnant woman in Senegal].Abstract:  Although neurological complications have been described after tetanus vaccinations, they are rare. The authors report a case of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) in a 28-year-old pregnant woman at a gestational age of 10 weeks, admitted 15 days after a tetanus vaccination, with spastic tetraplegia and sphincter disturbances. Corticosteroid treatment led to partial recovery of the neurological deficit. Differential diagnosis of infectious and demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system is difficult in view of clinical and laboratory aspects of post-vaccination ADEM. Without any specific diagnostic markers, the clinical examination, magnetic resonance imaging and negative etiological findings were key to this diagnosis. Medical staff must bear in mind the possible complications of this vaccine.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 4:07 pm
PMID:  Crit Care Nurse. 2016 Jun ;36(3):e1-6. PMID: 27252106Abstract Title:  Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis After Influenza Vaccination: A Case Report.Abstract:  Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that has been associated with influenza immunization, but only a few cases related to vaccination for influenza have been reported. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis developed in a 42-year-old woman within 3 weeks of receiving the seasonal influenza vaccine. She had 80% recovery after 3 months of treatment with methylprednisolone. Although cases of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis after vaccination for influenza are rare, enough of them have occurred that critical care nurses should be aware of the possibility. Early treatment can prevent serious residual signs and symptoms; therefore, correct and quick diagnosis is important. Medical history obtained from patients with central nervous system problems should include history of recent vaccinations.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 3:29 pm
PMID:  Acta Pathol Jpn. 1979 May ;29(3):435-55. PMID: 377910Abstract Title:  Widespread eczema vaccinatum acquired by contacts. A report of an autopsy case.Abstract:  A 4-month-old male infant predisposed to allergic dermatitis acquired wide-spread eczema vaccinatum by contacts with a recently vaccinated sibling. He died of acute purulent peritonitis following a perforation of multiple duodenal ulcers. Fluorescence immunocytochemical and electron microscopic studies on the skin lesions revealed the presence of viral antigens and numerous virus particles compatible morphologically with those of the mature form from the same batch of smallpox vaccine given to the sibling. A large number of virus particles in the developmental form were also predominantly scattered in the cytoplasm of cells at the stratum malpighii of the epidermis as well as in neutrophils and macrophages in the skin lesions. The virus isolation from the skin lesions was done by using the HeLa cells and the human embryonic lung fibroblasts. No abnormal laboratory data were noted in immunoglobulins. On the basis of atrophy of the thymus and other lymphatic tissues and an appearance of large pyroninophilic cells in association with blastoid transformation, the authors discussed a possible participation of the disturbance of cellular immunity secondary to the virus infection in the development of the disease.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 3:12 am
PMID:  Am J Med Sci. 2009 Apr ;337(4):289-91. PMID: 19365178Abstract Title:  Vulvar vaccinia infection after sexual contact with a smallpox vaccinee.Abstract:  Vaccinia (smallpox) vaccine is an effective immunizing agent that brought about global eradication of naturally occurring smallpox, as declared by the World Health Organization in 1980. The United States ceased generalized smallpox vaccination in 1972 but reinstated it in 2002 for military personnel and selected healthcare workers (first responders who may be investigating possible cases of smallpox or caring for patients in selected hospitals) after the 2001 bioterrorism attacks. Since reinstitution of the vaccine, reports of transmission of vaccinia virus through contact with military smallpox vaccinees have been published, including four cases of female genital infection. We report a subsequent case of vulvar vaccinia infection acquired during sexual contact with a military vaccinee.

read more

Posted: October 17, 2018, 3:04 am
Content Was Refreshed: 18 Oct 2018 | 04:29:28